RAB DE LA CORTE ("court rabbi"), an office common in Navarre and Castile until the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492. He was appointed by the crown to supervise the Jewish communal leadership and the apportionment of taxes among the communities. Because of this task he is referred to as repartidor de todas las aljamas and was considered "Judge in Chief " of the Jewish communities. The office was established in these kingdoms during the middle of the 13th century. Attempts to introduce it into Aragon, Catalonia, and Valencia, mainly at the end of the 13th century, failed. The beginnings of this office are unknown. As judge in chief, juez mayor ("chief justice"), he served as a kind of a court of appeals for the Jews. Generally those appointed to this position were Jews close to the kings or crown princes, serving as physicians, interpreters, or fiscal agents. The majority were not distinguished for their learning, and solomon b. abraham ibn adret complained that "in our country there are rabbis appointed by the king who do not know how to read properly." Some, however, were scholars, for instance abraham benveniste . The Rab de la Corte presided over meetings of representatives of the communities who were convened when necessary and supervised the drafting of the askamot ("communal regulations") and the tax apportionment. Sometimes, he acted as arbitrator in intercommunal disputes. The last Rab de la Corte in Castile was abraham seneor , who became converted to Christianity shortly before the expulsion. The office of arraby mor in Portugal largely corresponds to that of Rab de la Corte. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer, Spain, index; Baer, Urkunden, index; Neuman, Spain, index; Suárez Fernández, Documentos (1964), 108–9, 162–3, 243–5, 246–7, 297–9, 375–7.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SPAIN — (in Hebrew at first אספמיא then ספרד), country in S.W. Europe. The use of the word Spain to denote Sepharad has caused some confusion in research. Spain came into being long after the Jews had been expelled from the Crowns of Castile and Aragon,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CHIEF RABBI, CHIEF RABBINATE — The office represents a continuation of the ancient trend in Jewish society to confer on one or more persons central religious authority, if possible for the whole of Jewry, or otherwise at least for a country or region. It found formal… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham Senior — Para el personaje del siglo XVII que tomó este mismo nombre al convertirse al judaísmo, véase Diego Teixeira Sampayo …   Wikipedia Español

  • History of the Jews in Spain — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism …   Wikipedia

  • Aljama — is a Spanish language term of Arabic language origin used in old official documents to designate the self governing communities of Moors and Jews living under Spanish Christian rule. In some present day Spanish cities, the name is still applied… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham Senior — (* 1412 in Segovia; † 1493) war ein jüdischer Magnat und Finanzmann. Unter der Regierung der Katholischen Könige Isabella von Kastilien und Ferdinand II. von Aragon war er Berater der Krone und oberster Königlicher Steuereinnehmer. Der König… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aljama —   испанский термин арабского происхождения, употреблявшийся в официальных документах и литературе для обозначения самоуправляющихся общин мавров или евреев, живших в испанских владениях. Еврейские общины в Испании вследствие своей социальной …   Википедия

  • BENVENISTE, ABRAHAM — (1406–1454), court rabbi in Castile mentioned in crown documents dating from about 1430. The young king, John II, handed over the government of Castile to two noblemen, who appointed Benveniste, a native of Soria, to restore its shaky fiscal… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • THE MIDDLE AGES — …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RABBI, RABBINATE — The title rabbi is derived from the noun rav, which in biblical Hebrew means great and does not occur in the Bible; in its later sense in mishnaic Hebrew, however, the word rav means a master as opposed to a slave (e.g., does a slave rebel… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”